<a href=”http://www.tomoson.com/?code=TOP5e272f55340510cac2267ac0d982673b” rel=”nofollow”><img style=”display: none” src=”http://www.tomoson.com/images/front/pixel.png” /></a> This is what burdock root looks like, when you first get it befor it is cooked or dried for tea.
And this is what it looks like when you get it. It has a woody / peppery flavor to it. It’s not over powering flavor just sorta there in the back ground. I did not know you can use this for salad just like it is but it is hard and dry.
Many uses for burdock and here they are.
Known Uses for Burdock Root
- Depurative (purifies the blood)
Burdock is best known as a blood purifier, but it also works to remove toxins through the respiratory, urinary, and lymphatic systems. This detoxifying effect is responsible for many of burdock root’s benefits.
- Skin Conditions (acne, eczema, psoriasis, boils, abscesses)
Burdock is well known for it’s abilities in removing toxins and eliminating bacteria and fungi that are responsible for many skin conditions. It also contains phytosterols (plants steroids) and fatty acids that are beneficial to the skin.
- Treats sore throat, cold, flu, and fever
Burdock root contains mucilage which soothes inflamed tissues in the throat and digestive tract. Works well to treat a painful dry cough. Mucilaginous compounds are also known to thin down mucous which can help with congestion in the chest and nasal passages. Burdock root is also a great natural source of zinc, which is one of the best supplements for treating cold and flu. It is also believed to have antipyretic (fever reducing) properties.
- Diuretic (increases urination)
Burdock root has diuretic properties which help remove toxins from the body. You should drink plenty of water to help flush toxins and avoid dehydration.
- Hair and scalp conditioning (hair growth)
Burdock root oil is an excellent natural conditioner for hair and scalp due to it’s essential fatty acids, phytosterols, and vitamin A content. The oil can also help with itchy scalp and dandruff problems. Many herbalists claim that burdock root oil can even promote hair growth.
- Digestive Health (prebiotic)
The mucilage in Burdock root aids and eases digestion, absorbs toxins, and can soothe inflammation in the digestive tract. Burdock root also contains Inulin, a natural dietary fiber which aids in digestion and promotes healthy bacteria in the intestines.
Burdock root has very strong antioxidant properties which can help prevent cancer and slow tumor growth. There are many antioxidants known to be contained in burdock root including, Vitamin C, Chlorogenic acid, lappaol F, Tannins, and Inulin.
- Anti-cancer properties with proven scientific study
Burdock root contains numerous active compounds with cancer fighting properties. There are a growing number of studies proving burdock root’s effectiveness against cancer. Research has shown that Arctigenin, a compound in burdock, “exhibits cytotoxicity by inducing necrosis in cancer cells“. Another compound, Arctiin, “demonstrates
a strong cytotoxic effect” on hepatoma,lung cancer, ovarian cancer, skin cancer, CNS cancer and colon cancer.
- Immune Stimulation
Burdock root decreases the workload of the immune system by helping it fight bacteria and fungi. It’s detoxifying effects help the organs work more efficiently and restore the body’s ability to heal itself.
- Promotes liver function
An overloaded liver results in toxins being stored in the body. Burdock root increases bile production which cleanses the liver and helps it function better.
- Promotes weight loss
Burdock root’s cleansing effects speed up metabolism and improve nutrient absorption and energy usage. The root is also used for food in many cultures and makes an excellent addition to a healthy diet.
- Lowers blood sugars
When taken internally, burdock root has been known to lower blood sugar levels. Diabetics should consult with their doctor before using burdock and monitor blood sugar closely.
- Reduces heart disease and stroke
Burdock root contains inulin, which has been shown to reduce cholesterol and help with weight loss. People taking burdock have been shown to have improved lipid profiles (a series of blood tests to determine the risk of cardiovascular disease).
- Treats Gout
Burdock has a long history of being used for gout. Studies have shown that burdock root can block the enzyme that produces uric acid, similar to the way prescription medications lower uric acid buildup that leads to gout.
Many of the chemical compounds found in burdock root such as Tannin, Lactone, Fukinone, & Taraxosterol, have been shown to have anti-inflammatory properties.
- Decreases blood viscosity
Burdock root may slow down blood clotting. Talk to your doctor if you are on blood thinning medications.
Arctigenin, a natural lignan found in burdock root, has been shown to be effective against HIV in studies.
- Treats fungal infection
Burdock root has strong anti-fungal properties. When combined with it’s immune strengthening effects, it kills fungus cultures and keeps them from coming back. Burdock can be used to treat candida, athlete’s foot, ringworm, and more.
- Treats kidney stones and gallstones
Burdock has been used traditionally to treat stone formations in the kidneys and gallbladder. It helps dissolve the stones while the mucilage and diuretic effects allow them to pass more easily.
PREP AND DOSAGE
Burdock root is available fresh or dried. Decoctions from root, leaves and seed are available as are fluid extracts and tinctures made with alcohol. Burdock oil is available. Dried burdock leaves for tea can be purchased. Seeds are available for propagation.
Recommended Adult Doses
Capsules 1-2 gm. 3 x day
Dried Root: Boil 2-6 gm. in 150 ml (5 oz.) water. Strain and cool. Drink 3 x day or use liquid as a compress or poultice for skin infection or wound.
Tincture: (1:5 oil:alcohol) 30-60 drops daily. It can also be used as a compress.
Fluid Extract: (1:1 with water) 30-60 drops twice daily
Tea: Boil 2-6 gm. in 500 ml (16 oz.) water to make two cups three times daily
ACTIVE COMPOUNDS FOUND IN BURDOCK ROOT
Each part of the burdock plant contains different concentrations of phytochemicals and is used for different conditions. The roots are the primary source of food and medicinal product.
It will be helpful to define some biochemistry terms.
Terpenes/terpenoids/isoprenoids- Organic molecules that are building blocks for all biosynthetic compounds. They are a major component by themselves in essential oils used in flavorings, colorings and perfumes. Vitamin A is an example of a terpenoid.
Phytosterol/Phytoestrogen- “Phyto” means plant and “sterol” refers to steroid. These are plant derived steroid based molecules that will affect inflammatory and sex hormone activities. They form a chemical base for many bioactive compounds used in signaling, immune response and cell reproduction (cancer).
Polyphenols- a group of compounds comprised of repeating phenol rings. Used by plants for many functions including as an insect repellent, signaling function within plant development, controls growth hormones and provides UV protection to plant. In humans the substance resveratrol thought to be the protective cardiovascular substance in red wine and is used for their astringent properties.
Ligands- In biochemistry a lignand (ligand) is a compound that attaches to another biomolecule to form a complex that provides a purpose that neither could perform individually. Heme is a lignand with myoglobin forming a functional compound that delivers oxygen to muscle.
Phytochemicals Identified in Burdock
Inulin: (C6H10O5)n A polysaccharide (sugar) in the family of fructans (chains of fructose sugars). Plants use inulin to store energy. Plants that use inulin do not store energy as starch. Found in roots
- Inulin is a prebiotic bifidus factor that maintains the normal intestinal flora.
- Balances glycemic index in diabetics providing better glucose control.
- Has been shown to help weight loss.
- Has antioxidant properties.
- Antihypertensive (lowers blood pressure)
Polyacetylenes: Any of a class of organic compounds containing an acetylene (-C≡C-) repeat units, especially any that occur naturally in some composite plants.
- Antibacterial actions particularly used topically on the skin. Can heal acne and boils.
- Antifungal actions against ringworm, jock itch, foot and toenail fungal infections
Tannin: C76H52O46 A polyphenolic compound with many hydroxyl groups. Polyphenols contain a phenol ring and subgroups include phenolic acids, flavonoids, stilbenes and lignans. Found in roots.
Mucilage: A viscous sticky substance comprised of polar glycoprotein and exopolysaccharide. In plants involved in water storage, food storage, seed germination, and membrane protection. Found in roots.
- Demulcent agent providing protection for mucous membranes.
- Relieves gastrointestinal distress by coating action.
Arctigenin: C12H24O7 A lignand found in roots, leaves and seeds.
- Anti-viral (has been used in mouse trials treating Japanese Encephalitis)
Actiin: C27H34O11 A lignand found in roots, leaves and seeds.
- Anti-cancer (Antiproliferative)
Iron: Iron is a natural element required for many reactions in the body. Two of the most important are the synthesis of hemoglobin, the molecule that carries oxygen in the body and myoglobin and essential component of muscle.
- Prevents anemia
- Provides building blocks for muscle and nerve repair.
- Essential co-enzyme in many biochemical reactions necessary for life.
Lactone: Sesquiterpene lactones are a class of terpenoids. These compounds play an important role in essential oils and have many bioactive properties. Actions may be responsible from chemotaxis (cell signaling) ability.
- Anti-protozoan (malaria)
- Anti-cancer (cell lysis)
- Immune stimulation
- Can cause poison ivy type rash on skin (in genetically susceptible)
Resin: (Pitch) A hydrocarbon secretion either solid or semisolid.
- Skin healing
- Colic, gastrointestinal distress
- Anti-helminthic (intestinal worms)
Essential oils: Burdock oil or “bur oil” is very concentrated essential fatty acids (including rare long chain) and phytosterols.
- Energy source from the fatty acids.
- Skin repair and care.
- Improved lipid profile resulting in lower heart disease and stroke.
- Lowers cancer risks, specifically lung, stomach, breast and ovarian cancers.
lappaol F: C40H42O12 Lignands that inhibit Nitrogen oxide production. Found in seeds.
- Improves lipid profile resulting in improved cardiovascular disease
- Decreases platelet stickiness (thins blood)
- Anti-diabetic lowers blood sugars
- Antimicrobial (bacteria, virus and yeast)
- Lowers blood pressure by calcium channel inhibition
Neoarctin: A lignand found in fruits.
- Antihypertensive (calcium channel blocker)
Trachelogenin: C21H24O7 A lignand found in the fruits.
- Antihypertensive (calcium channel blocker)
Chlorogenic acid: C16H18O9 An ester formed between caffeic acid and l-quinic acid. It is an important intermediary in ligand synthesis. Ligands (Lignands) are responsible for many bioactive processes. Found in root skin and leaves.
- All Lignand properties
Vitamin A: A group of unsaturated hydrocarbons required for growth and development of the immune system and most important sight. Includes beta-carotene, retinol, retinoic acid, retinal, and several pro-vitamin A carotenoids.
- Improves immune status
- Helps eyesight (retina in particular)
Vitamin B1: (Thiamine) Required for normal nerve function.
- Eye health (prevents optic neuropathy)
- Nervous system health
- Memory functions
Vitamin B2: (Riboflavin) Has its major role in intercellular energy processes. It is what supplies the orange-red color from B vitamin supplements.
- Headache treatment (particularly migraine}
- Anti-cancer (particularly ovarian)
- Helps muscle pain
- Helps vision
Vitamin C: (l-Ascorbic acid, ascorbate) A proenzyme in crucial biochemical reactions, significantly collagen production.
- Prevents scurvy
- Essential for would healing
Flavonoids: Nonketone polyphenol compounds.
- Antimicrobial (bacteria, virus and fungi)
- Anti-cancer works as “response modifier”
Fukinone: A sesquiterpene ketone terpene.
Taraxosterol: A phytosteroid. A pentacyclic triterpenoid.
- Improved lipid profile preventing cardiovascular disease.
Amino Acids: Aspartic acid and Arginine.
- Aspartic acid is important in the Krebs’s cycle generating energy from glucose.
- Enhances memory.
- Arginine is required by the nervous system.
- Increases healing times connective tissue (bone and muscle)
- Increases healing time skin
Course Fiber: Vegetable fiber bulk
- Bowel regularity
- Weight loss
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